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HomeContentMILW_FP45.zip

File: MILW FP45/MILW_FP45_3/milw3.eng

´╗┐SIMISA@@@@@@@@@@JINX0D0t______

Wagon ( milw3
	Comment ( Some figures derived from Locomotive Physics V4.7 by Bob Boudoin )
	Type ( Engine )
	WagonShape ( milw3.s )	
	FreightAnim ( f45grabs.s 1 1)
	Size ( 3.5m 4.8m 20.4m )
	Mass ( 204t )
	WheelRadius ( 20in )
	InertiaTensor ( Box (3.5m 4.4m 18m) )
	Coupling (
		Type ( Automatic )
		Spring (
			Stiffness ( 1.2e6N/m 4.8e6N/m )
			Damping ( 1.2e6N/m/s 3.4e6N/m/s )
			Break ( 2.2e7N 2.2e7N )
			r0 ( 2cm 3cm )
		)
		comment( CouplingHasRigidConnection () )
		Velocity ( 0.11m/s )
	)
	Buffers (
		Spring (
			Stiffness ( 1e7N/m 5e7N/m )
			Damping ( 1.2e6N/m/s 1.2e6N/m/s )
			r0 ( 0m 1e9 )
		)
		Centre ( 0.5 )
		Radius ( 1 )
		Angle ( 0.5deg )
	)
	
	Adheasion ( 0.29 0.53 2.0 0 )
	DerailRailHeight ( 20cm )
	DerailRailForce ( 2.5*204t )
	DerailBufferForce ( 1636kN )
	NumWheels (	12 )
	Friction (
		1902.2N/m/s	     -0.10		1.3mph	     19.882N/m/s	1.775
		5.1N/rad/s		1		-1rad/s		0		1
	)

	AntiSlip ( 1 )
	BrakeEquipmentType( "Triple_valve, Auxilary_reservoir, Emergency_brake_reservoir" )
	
	BrakeSystemType( "Air_single_pipe" )
	MaxBrakeForce ( 369kN )
	
	EmergencyBrakeResMaxPressure( 90 )
	EmergencyResVolumeMultiplier ( 1.461 )
	TripleValveRatio( 2.5 )
	MaxReleaseRate( 5 )
	MaxApplicationRate( 5 )
	MaxAuxilaryChargingRate( .25 )
	EmergencyResCapacity( 2.064 )
	EmergencyResChargingRate( .2 )
	BrakeCylinderPressureForMaxBrakeBrakeForce( 64 )

	Lights	(	20
            Light	(
			comment( Sphere of Running Lights )
			Type		( 1 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 3 )
				Unit ( 2 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.7 )
			FadeOut	( 0.7 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFFE4AB )
					Position ( 0.0 4.3 11 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 800.0 )
					Angle ( 40.0 )
					)
				)
			)
            Light	(
			comment( Sphere of light Dim )
			Type		( 1 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 2 )
				Unit ( 2 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.5 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFEDF93 )
					Position ( 0.0 4.3 11 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 350.0 )
					Angle ( 30.0 )
					)
				)
			)
		Light	(
			comment( Topcablight Dim )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 2 )
				Unit ( 2 )
				)
			FadeIn	( 0.6 )
			FadeOut	( 0.6 )
			Cycle	( 0 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFEDF93 )
					Position ( 0.0 2.83 9.6 )
					Azimuth ( 0 0 0 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( .38 )
					)
				)
			)
            Light	(
			comment( Btmcablight Dim )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 2 )
				Unit ( 2 )
				)
			FadeIn	( 0.6 )
			FadeOut	( 0.6 )
			Cycle	( 0 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFEDF93 )
					Position ( 0.0 2.6 9.6 )
					Azimuth ( 0 0 0 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( .38 )
					)
				)
			)
            Light	(
			comment( Topcablight )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 3 )
				Unit ( 2 )
				)
			FadeIn	( 0.7 )
			FadeOut	( 0.8 )
			Cycle	( 0 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFFE4AB )
					Position ( 0.0 2.83 9.6 )
					Azimuth ( 0 0 0 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 1.0 )
					)
				)
			)
		Light	(
			comment( Btmcablight )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 3 )
				Unit ( 2 )
				)
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.5 )
			Cycle		( 0 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFFE4AB )
					Position ( 0.0 2.6 9.6 )
					Azimuth ( 0 0 0 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 1.0 )
					)
				)
			)
		Light	(
			comment( flashing light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.5 )
			States	(	3
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.3 )
					LightColour (ffF3DA4B )
					Position ( 0.0 4.68 7.77 )
					Azimuth ( 0 0 0 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.7 )
					)
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.3 )
					LightColour (ffF3DA4B )
					Position ( -0.13 4.68 7.55 )
					Azimuth ( -120 -120 -120 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.7 )
					)
                        State	(
					Duration ( 0.3 )
					LightColour (ffF3DA4B )
					Position ( 0.13 4.68 7.55 )
					Azimuth ( 120  120  120 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.7 )
					)
				)
			)
  		Light	(
			comment( Right Truck light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.7 )
			FadeOut	( 0.7 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFEDF93 )
					Position ( 1.45 1.25 7.0 )
					Azimuth ( 90 90 90 )
					Transition ( 0.0 )
					Radius ( 0.35 )
					)
				)
			)
            Light	(
			comment( Left Truck light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.7 )
			FadeOut	( 0.7 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFEDF93  )
					Position ( -1.45 1.25 7.0 )
					Azimuth ( -90 -90 -90 )
					Transition ( 0.0 )
					Radius ( 0.35 )
					)
				)
			)
            Light	(
			comment( Left Numberboard Light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
                        Service ( 0 )
                        TimeOfDay ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.5 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( A0FEDF93 )
					Position ( -0.55 4.2 7.7 )
					Azimuth ( -25 -25 -25 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.375 )
					)
				)
			)
		Light	(
			comment(  Right Numberboard Light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
                        Service ( 0 )
                        TimeOfDay ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.5 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( A0FEDF93 )
					Position ( 0.55 4.2 7.7 )
					Azimuth ( 25 25 25 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.375 )
					)
				)
			)
             
            Light	(
			comment(  Front left Deck Light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Service ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
                        TimeOfDay ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.7 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFFE4AB )
					Position ( -0.07 1.65 9.6 )
					Azimuth ( -25 -25 -25 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.13 )
					)
				)
			)
         Light	(
			comment(  Front right Deck Light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Service ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
                        TimeOfDay ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.7 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFFE4AB )
					Position ( 0.07 1.65 9.6 )
					Azimuth ( 25 25 25 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.13 )
					)
				)
			)
		Light	(
			comment( Rear Deck Light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Service ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
                        TimeOfDay ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.7 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFFE4AB )
					Position ( 0.0 1.68 -9.5 )
					Azimuth ( -180 -180 -180 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.13 )
					)
				)
			)
		
            Light	(
			comment( Front right Step Light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.5 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFEDF93 )
					Position ( -1.0 1.5 9.25 )
					Azimuth ( -45 -45 -45  )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.18 )
					)
				)
			)
		Light	(
			comment( Front left Step Light )
			Type		( 0 )
			Conditions	(
				Headlight ( 0 )
				Unit ( 0 )
				)
			Cycle	( 0 )
			FadeIn	( 0.5 )
			FadeOut	( 0.5 )
			States	(	1
				State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFEDF93 )
					Position ( 1.0 1.5 9.25 )
					Azimuth ( 45 45 45 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.18 )
					)
				)
			)
			  
		Light	(
				comment( Rear Left Step Light )
				Type		( 0 )
				Conditions	(
						Headlight ( 0 )
						Unit ( 0 )
						)
				FadeIn	( 0.5 )
				FadeOut	( 0.5 )
				Cycle	( 0 )
				States	(	1
							State	(
					Duration ( 0.0 )
					LightColour ( ffFEDF93 )
					Position ( -1.0 1.5 -9.25 )
					Azimuth ( -135 -135 -135 )
					Transition ( 0 )
					Radius ( 0.18 )
								)
						)
			)
		Light	(
				comment( Rear Right Step Light )
				Type		( 0 )
				Conditions	(
						Headlight ( 0 )
						Unit ( 0 )
						)
				FadeIn	( 0.5 )
				FadeOut	( 0.5 )
				Cycle	( 0 )
				States	(	1
							State	(
				Duration ( 0.0 )
				LightColour ( ffFEDF93 )
				Position ( 1.0 1.5 -9.25 )
				Azimuth ( 135 135 135 )
				Transition ( 0 )
				 Radius ( 0.18 )
								)
						)
			)
            Light	(     Comment ( AI section )
				Type		( 0 #Hood Light Top)
				Conditions	(
							Control ( 1 )
							Unit ( 2 )
                                          Service ( 2 )
                                          TimeOfDay ( 0 )
						)
				FadeIn	( 0.5 )
				FadeOut	( 0.5 )
				Cycle		( 0 )
				States	(	1
							State	(
						Duration ( 0.0 )
						LightColour ( ffFFE4AB )
						Position ( 0.0 2.83 9.6 )
						Azimuth ( 0.0 0.0 0.0 )
						Transition ( 0 )
						Radius ( 0.85 )
								)
						)
			)
           Light	(
				Type		( 0 #Hood Light Bottom)
				Conditions	(
							Control ( 1 )
							Unit ( 2 )
                                          Service ( 2 )
                                          TimeOfDay ( 0 )
						)
				FadeIn	( 0.5 )
				FadeOut	( 0.5 )
				Cycle		( 0 )
				States	(	1
							State	(
						Duration ( 0.0 )
						LightColour ( ffFFE4AB )
						Position ( 0.0 2.6 9.6 )
						Azimuth ( 0.0 0.0 0.0 )
						Transition ( 0 )
						Radius ( 0.85 )
								)
						)
			)
				
            )
	comment( Sound files originally created by Ron Furto and modified by Ted Curphey ) 
	Sound (	"../../Common.Snd/SD40/SD40eng.sms" )

)

Engine ( milw3
	Effects
	(
		DieselSpecialEffects
		(
			_skip
			(
				the format of these little blocks is as follow:

				offset.x offset.y offset.z
				normal.x normal.y normal.z
				width in metres

				defining the offset from the shape pivot point
				where steam / smoke should appear, the direction
				it should go and the width of the nozzle
			)

			Exhaust1
			(
                                0.23418 4.93000 1.90000
				0 1 0
				0.3
			)
		)
        )

        
	Wagon ( milw3 )
	Type ( Diesel )
	MaxPower ( 2255.4kW )
      comment ( 3600HPx84%eff )
	MaxForce ( 457.5kN )
	MaxContinuousForce ( 369.6kN )
	MaxVelocity ( 71mph )
	MaxCurrent ( 1500A )
	WheelRadius ( 20in )
	Sanding ( 20mph #sanding system is switched off when faster than given velocity )
	NumWheels ( 12 )
	MaxTemperature ( 120 )
	MaxOilPressure ( 90 )

 	CabView ( f45.cvf )
	HeadOut ( 1.7 3.5 6.5 )
      MaxDieselLevel ( 4000gal )
	DieselUsedPerHourAtMaxPower ( 194.1gal )
	DieselUsedPerHourAtIdle ( 5.2gal )

	AirBrakesAirCompressorPowerRating( 3.8 )
	AirBrakesMainMinResAirPressure( 14.7 )
	AirBrakesMainMaxAirPressure( 140 )
	AirBrakesMainResVolume( 11 )
	AirBrakesAirCompressorWattage( 19000 )
	AirBrakesCompressorRestartPressure( 134 )
	AirBrakesAirUsedPerPoundsOfBrakePipePressure( 1.44 )
	AirBrakesIsCompressorElectricOrMechanical( 1 )

	EngineBrakesControllerMinPressureReduction( 6 )
	TrainBrakesControllerMinPressureReduction( 6 )
	EngineBrakesControllerHasProportionalBrake( 1 )
	EngineBrakesProportionalBrakeLag( 0.45 )
	EngineBrakesControllerMaxApplicationRate( 7 )
	TrainBrakesControllerMaxApplicationRate( 3 )
	EngineBrakesControllerMaxReleaseRate( 10 )
	TrainBrakesControllerMaxReleaseRate( 2.4 )
	EngineBrakesControllerEmergencyApplicationRate( 8 )
	TrainBrakesControllerEmergencyApplicationRate( 7 )
	EngineBrakesControllerMinSystemPressure( 15 )
	TrainBrakesControllerMinSystemPressure( 15 )
	EngineBrakesControllerMaxSystemPressure( 90 )
	TrainBrakesControllerMaxSystemPressure( 90 )
	EngineBrakesControllerEmergencyBrakeTimePenalty( 60 )
	TrainBrakesControllerEmergencyBrakeTimePenalty( 60 )
	EngineBrakesControllerFullServicePressureDrop( 26 )
	TrainBrakesControllerFullServicePressureDrop( 26 )



	DynamicBrakesMinUsableSpeed( 3.5 )
	DynamicBrakesMaximumEffectiveSpeed( 25 )
	DynamicBrakesMaximumForce( 267kN )
	DynamicBrakesResistorCurrentLimit ( 700 )
	DynamicBrakesCutInSpeed( 5.5 )
	DynamicBrakesMaxAirBrakePressure ( 50 )
	DynamicBrakesFadingSpeed( 8 )
	DynamicBrakesDelayTimeBeforeEngaging ( 8 )
	DynamicBrakesMaximumSpeedForFadeOut ( 450 )
	DynamicBrakesEffectAtMaximumFadeOut( 0 )
	DynamicBrakesHigherSpeedCurveExponent( 10.2 )
	DynamicBrakesLowerSpeedCurveExponent( 0.9 )
	DynamicBrakesNumberOfControllerNotches( 1 )
      DynamicBrakeHasAutoBailOff ( 0 )

	BrakesEngineBrakeType( "Air_single_pipe"  )
	BrakesTrainBrakeType( "Air_single_pipe" )
      BrakesEngineControllers( "Independent, Train, Dynamic" )
      EngineBrakesControllerDirectControlExponent( 1 )

	DieselSmokeEffectInitialMagnitude( 0.7 )
	DieselSmokeEffectMaxMagnitude( 2.0 )
	DieselSmokeEffectInitialSmokeRate( 0.8 )
	DieselSmokeEffectMaxSmokeRate( 3.0 )
	
	DieselEngineIdleRPM( 315 )
	DieselEngineMaxRPM( 900 )
	DieselEngineSpeedOfMaxTractiveEffort( 11.5mph )
      DieselEngineMaxRPMChangeRate( 55 )

	DoesHornTriggerBell( 0 )

	EmergencyStopMonitor(
    		MonitoringDeviceMonitorTimeLimit( 0 )
    		MonitoringDeviceAlarmTimeLimit( 0 )
    		MonitoringDevicePenaltyTimeLimit( 0 )
    		MonitoringDeviceCriticalLevel( 0 )
    		MonitoringDeviceResetLevel( 0 )
    		MonitoringDeviceAppliesFullBrake( 0 )
    		MonitoringDeviceAppliesEmergencyBrake( 1 )
    		MonitoringDeviceAppliesCutsPower( 0 )
    		MonitoringDeviceAppliesShutsDownEngine( 0 )
    		)

	AWSMonitor(
		MonitoringDeviceMonitorTimeLimit( -1 )
		MonitoringDeviceAlarmTimeLimit( 5 )
		MonitoringDevicePenaltyTimeLimit( 0 )
		MonitoringDeviceCriticalLevel( 0 )
		MonitoringDeviceResetLevel( 0 )
		MonitoringDeviceAppliesFullBrake( 0 )
		MonitoringDeviceAppliesEmergencyBrake( 1 )
		MonitoringDeviceAppliesCutsPower( 0 )
		MonitoringDeviceAppliesShutsDownEngine( 0 )
		)
	
				
        EngineControllers (
            Throttle ( 0 1 0.125 0 
                NumNotches ( 9
                    Notch ( 0       0 Dummy )
                    Notch ( 0.125   0 Dummy )
                    Notch ( 0.25    0 Dummy )
                    Notch ( 0.375   0 Dummy )
                    Notch ( 0.5     0 Dummy )
                    Notch ( 0.625   0 Dummy )
                    Notch ( 0.75    0 Dummy )
                    Notch ( 0.875   0 Dummy )
                    Notch ( 1       0 Dummy )
                )
            )
            Brake_Engine ( 0 1 0.0250 0 
                NumNotches ( 1
                    Notch( 0  1 Dummy )
                )
            )
            Brake_Train ( 0 1 0.0125 0.2 
                NumNotches ( 5
                    Notch( 0    0 TrainBrakesControllerReleaseStart )
                    Notch( 0.1  1 TrainBrakesControllerGraduatedSelfLapLimitedHoldingStart )
                    Notch( 0.85 0 TrainBrakesControllerSuppressionStart )
                    Notch( 0.9  0 TrainBrakesControllerContinuousServiceStart )
                    Notch( 0.95 0 TrainBrakesControllerEmergencyStart )
                )
            )
            Brake_Dynamic ( 0 1 0.11 0 
                NumNotches ( 10 
                	Notch ( 0       0 Dummy )
                    	Notch ( 0.11    0 Dummy )
                  	Notch ( 0.22    0 Dummy )
                   	Notch ( 0.33    0 Dummy )
                   	Notch ( 0.44    0 Dummy )
                   	Notch ( 0.55    0 Dummy )
                   	Notch ( 0.66    0 Dummy )
                   	Notch ( 0.77    0 Dummy )
                   	Notch ( 0.88    0 Dummy )
                   	Notch ( 1       0 Dummy )
                )
            )
            DirControl ( -1 0 1 1 )
            BellToggle( 0 1 0 )
            AWS ( 0 1 0 )
            Sanding ( 0 1 0 )
            Horn ( 0 1 0 )
            Wipers ( 0 1 0 )
            EmergencyStopResetToggle( 0 1 0 )
            EmergencyStopToggle( 0 1 0 )
            Vigilance ( 0 1 0 )
            Headlights ( 0 0.25 1 0 )
            BailOffButton( 0 1 0 )
        )
        
	comment( Sound files originally created by Ron Furto and modified by Ted Curphey ) 
    	Sound ( "../../Common.Snd/SD40/SD40cabMRL.sms" )
    	Name ( "MILW FP45 #3" )
    	Description (
	"The F45 diesel-electric locomotive, a high power locomotive capable of"+
	"pulling freight over the main line at high speed. 20 cylinder 645 engine\n\n"+
	"Locomotive type: Diesel-Electric\n\n"+
	"Power source: Diesel engine\n\n"+
	"Power: 2,685 kW (3,600 hp)\n\n"+
	"Max. speed: 71 mph (115 km/h)\n\n"+
	"Gear ratio: 62:15\n\n"+
	"Alternator (rectified output): AR10\n\n"+
	"Traction motors: Four model D77 DC, series wound, axle-hung\n\n"+
	"Max. continuous tractive effort: 83,000 lb\n\n"+
	"Wheel configuration: 12 40-in (15.75 cm), tapered tread in C-C configuration (two sets of three "+
	"driven axles)\n\n"+
	"Height: 15 ft. 4 in. (4.7 m)\n\n"+
	"Weight: 194.5 U.S. tons (176.4 metric tons)\n\n"+
	"Length: 59 ft. 2 in. (18 m)\n\n"+
	"Width: 10 ft. 4 in. (3.1 m)"
    	)
    	EngineOperatingProcedures (
    	"To move forward\n"+
	"1.	Press the W key to move the Reverser to Forward.\n"+
	"2.	Press the ; (SEMICOLON) key to release the train brakes.\n"+
	"3.	Press the [ (LEFT BRACKET) key to release the locomotive brake.\n"+
	"4.	Press the D key to move the throttle from Idle to Notch 1.\n"+
	"5.	Gradually increase power (D key), one notch at a time, until your train reaches the desired speed.\n\n"+
	"To slow the train\n"+
	"1.	Press the A key to move the throttle to a lower setting.\n"+
	"2.	Use the brakes to further reduce speed if desired.\n\n"+
	"To apply the dynamic brakes\n"+
	"1.	Press the A key to move the throttle to the Idle position.\n"+
	"2.	Wait for 10 seconds, then press the . (PERIOD) key to advance the Dynamic Brake handle from Off to the Setup position. After allowing a few seconds for braking circuit setup, press the . (PERIOD) key again to set the desired level of dynamic braking (Levels 1 - 8).\n\n"+
	"To release the dynamic brakes\n"+
	"1. Press the D key to move the throttle towards Idle.\n\n"+
	"To apply the train brakes\n"+
	"1.	Press the ' (APOSTROPHE) key to apply the train brakes.\n\n"+
	"To bail off the train brakes on the locomotive\n"+
	"1. Press the / (FORWARD SLASH) key.\n\n"+
	"To release the train brakes\n"+
	"1. Press the ; (SEMICOLON) key to release the train brakes.\n\n"+
	"To apply the locomotive brake\n"+
	"1.	Press the ] (RIGHT BRACKET) key to apply the locomotive brake.\n\n"+
	"To release the locomotive brake\n"+
	"1. Press the [ (LEFT BRACKET) key to release the locomotive brake.\n\n"+
	"To activate emergency braking\n"+
	"1.	Press the A key to reduce the throttle to Idle.\n"+
	"2.	Press the BACKSPACE key to activate emergency braking.\n\n"+
	"To back up\n"+
	"1.	Bring your train to a full stop.\n"+
	"2.	Press the S key to move the Reverser to the Reverse position.\n"+
	"3.	Release the brakes.\n"+
	"4.	Slowly advance the throttle lever (D key).\n\n"+
	"To couple to a car or locomotive\n"+
	"1. Coast into the unit at a very slow speed, about 2 mph.\n"+
	"TIP: To use the Coupling view, press the 6 key.\n"+
	"2. Press F9 to open the Train Operations window.\n"+
	"3. If the icon for the unit you coupled to is red, the handbrake is on. Double-click the car to release the handbrake.\n"+
	"4. Close the Train Operations window.\n\n"+
	"To uncouple from a car or locomotive\n"+
	"1. Press F9 to open the Train Operations window.\n"+
	"2. Double-click a unit in the part of the train you want to uncouple from the locomotive, to set the handbrake.\n"+
	"3. Double-click the coupler between the units you want to uncouple and the rest of the train.\n"+
	"4. Close the Train Operations window."
    	) 

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